Geneva: – Killer Robots developed using artificial intelligence (AI) and Robotics indicate towards a third revolution in warfare and a serious warning had been issued last year that said if these robots began a war, no human would be able to face them. The United Nations(UN) had taken an initiative to ban the Killer Robots. However, it has been revealed that major countries including the United States, Russia and Israel have opposed the imposition of a ban.
An important meeting of the United Nations was recently held at Geneva. There were stormy discussions about the ban on Killer Robots during this meeting held at the behest of the group ‘Campaign to Stop Killer Robots’. Although 10 guiding principles were accepted during the meeting, the demand to make them mandatory was rejected. The United States, Russia, Israel, South Korea and Australia are revealed to be behind the rejection.
Mary Wareham the coordinator of the ‘Campaign to Stop Killer Robots’ expressed deep regret about the stand taken by the leading countries during the meeting. At a time when there is a need for a clear position and regulations over the Killer Robots, continuing non-binding talks is meaningless. The sources which were present at the meeting informed that the United States, Russia, Israel, South Korea and Australia proposed a need for studying the benefits of the ‘Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems’.
The United Nations has established a ‘Group of Governmental Experts’ on the subject of ‘Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems’ and a preliminary meeting of the group was held last year. It was observed over the last one year that there was a consensus being formed among most of the countries over the issue of Killer Robots. Nevertheless, the opposition from leading countries at the Geneva meeting is considered to be a major jolt. Signs are visible of possible discussions on the agreement regarding Killer Robots in the forthcoming meeting scheduled to be held in November.
It was observed over the last few years that there is an increased use of AI and Robotics in the development and manufacture of weapons systems. Countries and companies leading in arms manufacture and export, have begun to give such weapons systems a boost as also other countries which began to buy them.
‘Autonomous Weapons and Systems could be turned into lethal weapons against innocent civilians to spread terror by terrorists, dictators wishing to better control their populace. There is also a possibility of the weapons being hacked through a cyber attack and being misused,’ was the word of caution stated in an open letter from the United Nations last year.